Select a Topic5HTTLPR Genotype  (4)Abortion  (2)Absenteeism  (1)Abstainers  (2)Abstention  (1)Academic Achievement  (2)Access to Law  (1)Accountability  (5)Activity Spaces  (1)ADD Health  (95)ADHD  (3)Adjudication  (4)Adolescence  (95)Adolescent Affective Psychopathic Traits  (1)Adolescent Dating Relationship Abuse  (3)Adolescent Friendship Networks  (1)Adolescent Internalizing Symptoms  (1)Adolescent Nutrition  (1)Adolescent Relationship Abuse  (1)Adolescent Violent Victimization  (2)Adoptees  (3)Adoption  (3)Adult  (2)Adult Arrest Prevalence  (1)Adult Burglary Offenders  (1)Adult Court Sentencing  (2)Adulthood  (10)Adverse Behavior  (1)Affirmative Action  (3)Age  (14)Agency Accreditation  (2)Aggression  (10)Agricultural Crime  (3)Alcohol  (8)American Society of Criminology  (1)Anger  (7)Animal Cruelty  (2)Annual Income  (2)Anomie Theory  (5)Anti-Minority Attitudes  (1)Antipsychotic Medication  (1)Antisocial Behavior  (41)Antisocial Lifestyle Characteristics  (1)Antisocial Outcomes  (1)Antisocial Peers  (1)Antisocial Risk  (1)Anxiety  (2)Apprehension  (1)Armed Resistance  (2)Arrest  (11)Arson  (1)Article Productivity  (1)Ashley T. Rubin  (14)Asians  (1)Assault  (3)Assimilation Level  (2)Assortative Mating  (1)Athletes  (3)Athletics  (3)Attitude  (7)Attitudinal Phenotypes  (1)Attrition  (1)Battery  (1)Behavioral Health  (1)Behavioral Outcomes  (2)Behavioral Phenotypes  (3)Behavioral-Personnel Assessment Device  (1)Best Practices  (1)Bias Crime Arrest Patterns  (1)Billy R. Close  (10)Binge Drinking  (1)Biogenic Factors  (1)Biological Factors  (1)Biological Research  (2)Biometric  (1)Biosocial Criminology  (16)Biosocial Test  (1)Bipolar Disorder  (1)Birth Complications  (2)Black and Latino Defendants  (1)Blacks  (42)Blame  (2)Blame Externalization  (2)Bodily Comportment  (1)Boys with Mortality  (1)Breastfeeding  (1)Brendan Lantz  (19)Brian J. Stults  (26)Broken Homes  (1)Bullying  (4)Burglary  (11)Burt and Simons  (1)Call to Criminologists  (1)Capital Punishment  (10)Capitalism  (2)Career Criminal  (6)Carter Hay  (38)Case Disposition  (1)Casualty Count of Mass Shootings  (1)Catalyst Model  (1)Censorship  (1)Charge Reduction  (1)Child Abuse  (3)Child Effects  (2)Child Wellbeing  (1)Childhood Adversity  (1)Children  (23)Children of Incarcerated Mothers  (1)Children’s Delinquent Involvement  (1)Chivalry Hypothesis  (1)Cholesterol Level  (1)City-Level Crime Rates  (1)Civil Citation  (1)Class Distribution  (1)Classroom Characteristics  (2)co-occurring delinquency and depressive symptoms  (1)Co-Offending  (9)Co-offending Group Composition and Violence  (1)Cocaine  (2)Code of the Street  (11)Cognitive Ability  (1)Cognitive Development  (1)Cognitive Function  (1)Cognitive Problems  (1)Coherence Theory  (1)Collateral Consequences  (1)collateral consequences:  (1)Collective Bargaining  (2)College Enrollment  (2)College Students  (1)Commitment to School  (3)Communitarianism  (1)Community  (5)Community Adversity  (1)Community Disadvantage  (1)Community Relations  (1)Commuting  (1)Comorbidity  (2)Compensation  (4)Compliance  (1)Comprehensive Intervention on Delinquency  (1)Computer Criminology  (1)Concentrated Disadvantage  (5)Conciliatory Measures  (1)Confinement Settings  (1)Confluence  (1)Contact Hypothesis  (1)Contextual Factors  (1)Control  (2)Conviction  (3)Conviction Rates  (1)Cooperation  (1)Correctional Sanctions  (1)Correctional Surveys  (1)Corrections  (43)Corruption  (1)Counseling  (1)Couple  (1)Couple-Level Conflict  (2)Court Clerk  (1)Court Procedural Justice  (2)Courts  (27)Crime  (27)Crime & Punitiveness  (1)Crime and Delinquency  (1)Crime Control  (8)crime deterrence  (1)Crime Policy  (3)Crime Prevention Program  (2)Crime Rate  (13)Crime Reduction  (2)Crime Reporting  (2)Crime Reversal  (1)Crime Salience  (1)Crime Seasonality  (2)Crime Seriousness Scale  (4)Crime Theories  (1)Crime Trends  (3)Crime-Causing Variables  (1)Crimes Against Humanity  (4)Criminal Behavior  (20)Criminal Careers  (1)Criminal Intent  (1)Criminal Involvement  (5)Criminal Justice  (2)Criminal Justice Noncompliance  (1)Criminal Justice Outcomes  (1)Criminal Justice Policy  (35)Criminal Justice Processing  (1)Criminal Justice Programs  (3)Criminal Justice System  (42)Criminal Law  (1)Criminal offending and mortality  (1)Criminal Offense  (1)Criminal Pathways  (1)Criminal Propensity  (1)Criminal Specialization  (1)Criminal Threat  (1)Criminal Versatility  (1)Criminality  (3)Criminological Research  (1)Criminology  (22)Criminology Faculty Productivity  (1)Cultural Heterogeneity  (1)Culture  (5)Culture Conflict  (1)Cutting Class  (1)Cyber Bullying  (1)Cycle of Violence  (2)Daniel Maier-Katkin  (38)Daniel P. Mears  (117)Data  (5)Dating Violence  (1)Deadly Force  (2)Death  (1)Death Penalty  (8)Decision-Making  (4)Defamation  (1)Defendents  (2)Defense  (1)Defensive gun ownership  (1)Defensive Gun Use  (1)Delinquency  (93)Delinquency-Reduction Program  (2)Demeanor  (1)Democracy  (4)Demographics  (1)Depression  (9)Desistance  (9)Detection  (2)Determinate Punishment Policies  (1)Deterrence  (15)Deterrent Effect  (1)Developing Research  (1)Developmental Trajectories  (1)Deviance  (9)Differential-K Theory  (2)Disadvantage  (20)Discipline  (1)Discrimination  (9)Distress  (1)Diversion  (10)Diversity  (4)Divorce  (2)DNA  (2)Doctoral Programs  (5)Domestic Violence  (5)Dopamine  (11)Dopaminergic Genes  (3)Dopaminergic Polymorphisms  (1)Drug Treatment  (1)Drug Use  (2)Drugs  (25)Due Process  (1)DUI  (2)DWI  (1)Early Adulthood  (1)Early Life Risks  (1)Early Life Temperament  (1)Early Life Trauma  (1)Eating Habits  (1)economic attainment  (1)Economic Insecurity  (2)Economic Recession  (4)Economic Success  (1)Economic Values  (1)Economic/Career Concerns  (1)Economics  (4)Education  (19)Educational Aspirations  (1)Educational Attainment  (19)Educational Institutions  (1)Educational Outcomes  (1)Effectiveness  (6)Efficiency  (2)Elder Financial Exploitation  (2)Elderly Inmate Prison Population  (1)Electronic Monitoring  (4)Emotional Distress  (1)Employment  (6)Employment Status  (1)Endophenotypes  (1)Enforcement Actions  (1)Environmental Crime  (1)Environmental Factors  (17)Environmental Influence  (7)Environmental Pathogens  (1)Equality  (1)Eric A. Stewart  (50)Eric P. Baumer  (48)Ethics  (2)Ethnic Disparities  (1)Ethnic Sectors  (1)Ethnic Threat  (5)Ethnicity  (25)Ethnographic  (1)Evaluation  (6)Evidence-Based Juvenile Justice  (1)Evidence-Based Policy  (5)Evolution  (3)Evolutionary Taxonomy  (2)Executions  (1)Exercise  (1)Expert Testimony  (2)Externalizing Behavior  (7)Externalizing Behavioral Problems  (1)Facial Recognition  (1)Faculty Productivity  (1)Faith-Based Programs  (2)Family  (16)Family Adversity  (1)Family Attachment  (1)Family Characteristics  (1)Family Risk  (1)Family Rules  (1)Family Stability  (1)Fear  (3)Fear of Crime  (10)Felonies  (1)Female Crime and Delinquency in Portugal  (1)Females  (21)Fertility Rate  (2)Field Training Officer Programs  (4)Financial Behaviors  (2)Financial dependency  (1)Financial Institutions  (4)Firearms Prevalence  (1)Florida  (1)Food Consumption  (1)Force Size and Productivity  (1)Forcible Rape  (1)Foreclosure  (6)Foreign and Roma Prisoners  (1)Foreign Women  (1)Forensic Evidence  (1)Forgiveness  (1)Foster Care  (1)Fraudulent Behavior  (4)Free Speech  (1)Frequent Offender  (1)Freshman Research Seminar  (1)Friendship  (4)Fringe Banking Institutions  (1)Gambling  (1)Gang Membership  (7)Gangs  (4)Gary Kleck  (86)Gender  (48)Gender Bias  (2)Gene X Environment Interaction  (22)Gene-Gene Interaction  (1)General Factor of Personality  (2)General Intelligence  (1)General Population Arrests  (1)General Strain Theory  (4)General Theory of Crime  (3)Generalized Trust  (1)Genes  (6)Genetic Differences  (1)Genetic Factors  (1)Genetic Influence  (60)Genetic Polymorphisms  (24)Genetic Risk  (7)Genetic Risk Threshold  (1)George B. Pesta  (3)George Pesta  (3)Girls’ and Women’s Violence  (1)Gordon P. Waldo  (43)Gossip  (1)Government  (6)GPA  (2)Grooming  (1)Gun Carrying  (2)Gun Control  (22)Gun Laws  (2)Gun Ownership  (22)Gun Possession  (1)Gun Prevalence  (4)Gun Trafficking  (2)Gun Use  (5)Guns  (25)Handgun  (1)Hate Crime  (7)Health  (6)Health Outcomes  (2)Height  (1)Higher Education  (6)Hispanics  (16)HIV  (1)Homelessness  (1)Homicide  (28)Homicide Rate  (3)Homophily  (1)Homosexuals  (1)Hostility  (2)House Arrest  (2)Human Rights  (3)Identity  (2)Ideology  (3)Immigrant Concentration  (2)Immigrants  (6)Immigration  (8)Importation Theory  (1)Imprisonment  (9)Incarcerated Juvenile Offenders  (1)Incarceration  (28)Individual-Level Factors  (2)Inequality  (11)Infanticide  (3)Informal Socializing  (2)Inhibitions  (1)Injury  (4)Inmate Adjustment  (1)Inmate Behavior  (6)Inmate Education  (1)Inmate Misconduct  (1)Inmate Visitation  (1)Inmates  (17)Insanity  (2)Institutional Anomie Theory  (1)Institutional Misconduct  (2)Institutional Prestige  (1)Intelligence  (1)Interactive Relationships  (1)Intergenerational Crime  (2)Intergenerational Transmission  (5)Intergroup Contact  (1)Internalizing Deviance  (2)Internalizing Symptoms  (2)Interpersonal Skills  (1)Interracial Contact  (3)Intervention  (12)Intimate Partner  (5)Intimate Partner Aggression  (1)Intimate Partner Violence  (6)IQ  (12)Islam  (2)Jails and Local Justice System Reform  (1)Jennifer Copp  (26)Jillian Turanovic  (25)Job Benefits  (2)Job Tenure  (2)John Behavior  (1)Judicial Recruitment  (1)Judicial Selection  (1)Julie Brancale  (5)Julie Mestre Brancale  (6)Justice Administration  (1)Juvenile Court Sanctioning  (1)Juvenile Justice  (52)Juvenile Justice Educational Enhancement Program  (4)Kecia R. Johnson  (5)Kevin M. Beaver  (263)Killing  (1)Kinship Pairs  (4)Krista Flannigan  (1)Labeling  (6)Labor Market Changes  (1)Language  (3)Latino Paradox Theses  (1)Law and Justice  (2)Law Enforcement  (40)Legal Attitudes  (1)Legal Profession  (1)Legal Sanctions  (3)Legislation  (8)Legitimacy  (1)Lesbians  (1)Lethal Violence  (2)Library Instruction  (1)Life Course  (19)Life Events  (1)Life Expectancy  (1)Life-Course Penalties  (1)Life-Cycle  (1)Lifestyle Choices  (4)Lifestyle Theory  (1)Linguistic Assimilation  (1)Literacy  (1)Longitudinal Tract Database  (1)Low Birth Weight  (2)Low Self-Control  (2)Low-Risk Environment  (1)Lynchings  (1)Making a Difference in Criminology  (1)Maladaptive Behavior  (1)Males  (13)Maltreatment  (1)Managerial Implications  (1)Mandatory Minimum Sentencing  (2)MAOA  (7)Marc Gertz  (91)Marijuana  (5)Marin R. Wenger  (5)Marital Status  (4)Marriage  (5)Marriage Effect  (3)Martin- Zimmerman Encounter  (1)Mass Incarceration  (1)Mass Murder  (1)Mass Shootings  (2)Mate Ejection Module  (1)Maternal Attachment  (1)Maternal Disengagement  (2)Maternal Incarceration  (2)Maternal Negativity  (1)Maternal Parenting  (2)Maternal Smoking  (2)Mates  (1)Maturity Gap  (2)Media  (13)Medical Intervention  (3)Medical Resources  (3)Mental Health  (9)Metropolitan Areas  (1)Military Enlisting  (1)Minorities  (7)Minority Threat  (2)Misconduct  (7)Misconduct-Recidivism Relationship  (2)Misdemeanor  (2)Mixed Methods  (1)Mobility  (1)Modernity  (1)Moffitt’s Developmental Taxonomy  (1)Money Lending Practices  (1)Mood  (2)Moral Panic  (3)Morality  (1)Mortality Data  (1)Mortality Risk  (1)Movies  (1)Multilevel Research  (1)Multiple Homicide Offenders  (1)Murderers  (1)National Rifle Association  (1)Nature  (1)Needs-Services Gap  (2)Negative Police Efficacy  (1)Neighborhood  (31)Neighborhood Disadvantage  (6)Neighborhood Disorder  (1)Neighborhood Social Processes  (1)Net-Widening  (6)Network Approach  (1)Neurocognitive Skills  (1)Neurological Development  (1)Neuropsychological Contributors  (3)Neuropsychological Deficits  (6)Neuropsychological Functioning  (1)New Students  (1)News  (5)NFL Arrests  (1)Nicotine  (1)Non Criminal Prevalence  (1)Non-Shared Environment  (8)Nonlethal Violence  (1)Nurture  (1)Nutritional Factors  (1)Objective risks  (1)Offenders  (24)Offending  (9)Offending and Racial and Ethnic Disparities  (1)Offending Patterns  (1)Offending Trajectories  (1)Offense Specialization Coefficient  (1)Officer Characteristics  (2)Officer Race  (1)Omitted Level Bias  (1)Onset of Crime  (1)Opportunity  (3)Organized Crime  (1)Outcomes  (6)Parent-Child Relationship  (4)Parental Alcoholism  (1)Parental Assistance  (1)Parental Criminality  (6)Parental Incarceration  (4)Parental Influence  (10)Parental Involvement  (6)Parental Management  (1)Parental Negativity  (2)Parental Sanctions  (1)Parental Sensitivity  (1)Parental Socialization  (3)Parental Stress  (1)Parental Supervision  (3)Parental Violence  (1)Parenting  (15)Parolees  (1)Partnership Transitions  (1)Paternal Alcoholism  (1)Paternal Criminality  (1)Paternal Parenting  (1)Pathological Delinquency  (1)Pathological Offenders  (1)Patricia Y. Warren  (16)Payday Lending Services  (1)Peer Integration  (1)Peer Network  (1)Peers  (34)Penal Policy  (1)Penal Reform  (3)Penology  (3)Pepper Spray  (1)Perceived Criminal Threat  (1)Perceived Prejudice  (1)Perceived Risk  (1)Perception  (28)Perceptions of Criminal Injustice  (1)Perceptions of Risk  (1)Performance  (7)Persistent Offender  (5)Personality  (5)Personality Disorders  (2)Personality Traits  (3)Phenotypic Marker  (1)Physical Activity  (1)Physical Attractiveness  (3)Physical Fighting  (1)Physical Health  (4)Plasticity Alleles  (1)Plea Bargaining  (3)Police  (14)Police Academy  (1)Police Contacts  (1)Police Departments  (4)Police Dispatcher  (1)Police Notification  (1)Police Officers  (10)Police Strength Level  (2)Police-Citizen Interactions  (3)Policing  (23)Political Campaigns  (1)Politics  (12)Polling  (1)Polydrug Use  (1)Population  (1)Pornography  (2)Portuguese Penitentiary System  (1)Post-Release Offending  (1)Postmodernism  (1)Poverty  (4)Predator  (2)Pregnancy  (5)Prejudice  (1)Prenatal Caloric Intake  (1)Prenatal Exposure to Cigarette Smoke  (1)Prenatal Smoking  (1)Preteen Delinquency  (1)Prevention  (7)Prevention Programs  (1)Prison  (15)Prison Diffusion  (1)Prison Population  (4)Prison Visitation  (5)Prisoner Behavior  (1)Prisoner Reentry  (1)Probationers  (3)Process-based Policing  (1)Professional Activites  (6)Professionalizing Prison  (1)Property Crime  (9)Property Loss  (1)Property Offending  (3)Prosecution  (3)Prosecutorial Guidelines  (1)Prosecutors  (3)Prosocial Attachments  (2)Prostitution  (1)Protective Factors  (3)Proto-Prison Adoption  (1)Psychiatric Care  (1)Psychiatric Conditions  (2)Psychiatric Disorders  (1)Psychological Influence  (1)Psychological Testing  (1)Psychology  (1)Psychometrics  (1)Psychopathic Feature  (1)Psychopathic Personality Traits  (5)Psychopathology  (1)Psychopathy  (17)Puberty  (2)Public Defender  (1)Public Health  (2)Public Opinion  (22)Public Policy  (55)Public Preferences  (1)Public Scrutiny  (2)Public Services  (10)Publications  (2)Punishment  (48)Punitive Attitudes  (7)punitiveness  (1)Race  (88)Racial and Ethnic Variation  (1)Racial Antipathy  (1)Racial Bias  (13)Racial Composition  (2)Racial Context  (2)Racial Disparities  (4)Racial Disparity  (3)Racial Invariance  (1)Racial Profiling  (7)Racial Sensitivity  (1)Racial Threat  (9)Racial Typification of Crime  (5)Racism  (2)Rape  (4)Raymond B. Vickers  (5)Re-entry  (17)Reading Comprehension  (2)Recidivism  (40)Reciprocal Effects  (1)Reckless Driving  (1)Reconciliation  (2)Reform  (8)Regime  (1)Regional Approach  (1)Regional Culture of Violence  (2)Rehabilitation  (8)Reintegration  (3)Reintegrative Shaming Theory  (3)Relationship Commitment  (1)Relationship Dissolution  (1)Relationship Dynamics  (1)Relationship Satisfaction  (2)Relationships  (5)Released Prisoners  (1)Reliability  (1)Religion  (4)Religious Organizations  (4)Remorse  (1)Repeat Victimization  (1)Reporting  (1)Research  (23)Research Methods  (20)Research Model  (1)Research Problems  (1)Researcher-Practitioner Partnerships  (1)Residence Requirements  (1)Residential Positive Achievement Change Tool  (1)Resiliency Against Victimization  (1)Resistance  (6)Resource Deprivation  (2)Resources  (1)Response Errors  (1)Restitution Payment  (1)Restrictive Housing  (1)Right-Wing Terrorism  (1)Risk  (13)Risk Factors  (3)Risk Principle  (1)Risk Taking  (1)Risk-Seeking Propensity  (1)Robbery  (8)Romantic Partners  (1)Routine Activities  (2)Same-Sex Intimate Partner Violence  (1)Sanctions  (15)Saturday Night Special  (1)Scandal  (1)Scholarly Productivity  (6)Scholars  (2)School  (8)School Disengagement  (2)School Dropout  (3)School Punishment  (1)School Shootings  (1)School-based Services  (1)School-Level Factors  (1)Secondary Adjustments  (1)Secondary Exposure to Violence  (1)Segregation  (4)Selection  (2)Selective Attrition  (1)Self-Control  (66)Self-Defense  (4)Self-Employment  (1)Self-Harm  (1)Self-Interest  (1)Self-Protection  (5)Self-Regulation  (4)Self-Reporting  (5)Sentencing  (45)Serotonin  (1)Severity-Based Policies  (1)Sex Crimes  (1)Sex Offenders  (5)Sexual Abuse  (1)Sexual Activity  (2)Sexual Behavior  (2)Sexual Initiation and Mental Health  (1)Sexual Misconduct  (7)Sexual Partnerships  (1)Shame  (2)Shared Environment  (4)Shared Race/Ethnicity  (1)Shooting  (4)Sibling Pairs  (8)Sibling Relationships  (1)Siblings  (1)Sílvia Gomes  (9)Situational Definitions  (1)Size  (1)Sleep Deprivation  (2)Smoking  (2)Social Bias  (1)Social Bonds  (3)Social Capital  (4)Social Change  (1)Social Characteristics  (3)Social Context  (1)Social Control  (21)Social Deprivation  (1)Social Ecology  (1)Social Environment  (5)Social exclusion and parental incarceration  (1)Social Factors  (2)Social Groups  (2)Social Inequality  (2)Social Institutions  (1)Social Isolation  (1)Social Justice  (1)Social Policy  (2)Social Programs  (2)Social Proximity  (1)Social Risk  (1)Social Schematic  (1)Social Science  (2)Social Services  (1)Social Support  (4)Social Theory  (1)Social Threat  (2)Social Ties  (1)Social Trust  (3)Social Work  (1)Socialization  (2)Socioeconomic Status  (29)Sociology  (3)Sonja E. Siennick  (32)Spanking  (2)Spatial Distance Effects  (2)Spatial Heterogeneity  (1)Spatial Proximity  (2)Spouses  (1)Stabbing  (2)Stability  (3)Stability Thesis  (1)State  (1)State Sentencing  (1)Stay/Leave Decision-Making  (1)Stereotyping  (2)Steroid Use  (1)Steven Zane  (5)Stigma  (1)Stop, Question, and Frisk  (1)Strain  (4)Street Beliefs  (1)Stress  (4)Structural Determinants  (1)Structural Disadvantage  (1)Student Performance  (3)Subculture  (2)Subjective Disorder  (1)Substance Abuse  (4)Substance Use  (33)Suburban Residence  (3)Suburbanization  (1)Suicidal Activity  (1)Suicide  (4)Supermax Prisons  (9)Supportive Parenting  (1)Suppression  (1)Tattoos  (2)Taxes  (1)Taxonomy  (1)Tea Party Movement  (1)Ted Chiricos  (60)Television  (5)Temporary Release  (1)Terrorism  (1)Theft  (4)Theory  (6)Thomas G. Blomberg  (68)Threat  (6)Threatening Interactions  (1)Time Served  (1)Traits  (1)Transferred Juveniles  (1)Translational Criminology  (1)Transmission of Crime  (2)Travis C. Pratt  (4)Trayvon Martin  (1)Treatment Programs  (5)Twins  (28)Types of Bias  (1)Unarmed Resistance  (1)Unbalanced Institutional Commitments  (1)Undocumented Immigrants  (1)Unemployment  (6)Uniformity  (2)Unsolved Crimes  (1)Unwanted Pregnancy  (1)US Decennial Census  (1)Validity  (1)Values  (1)Verbal Intelligence  (4)Verbal Skills  (3)Victim Compensation  (9)Victim Problems  (1)Victim Race  (1)Victim Services  (3)Victim-Offender Overlap  (5)Victimization  (52)Victimology  (9)Victims  (8)Vigilantes  (1)Violence  (73)Violent Behavior  (5)Violent Crime  (7)Violent Dating Relationships  (1)Violent Offender  (3)Violent Victimization  (4)Waiver Laws  (1)War  (1)Weapons  (2)Welfare  (6)White Collar Crime  (9)Whites  (21)William D. Bales  (53)William G. Doerner  (77)Women’s Liberation Movement  (1)Work Release  (2)Young Adult Offending  (1)Young Adult Outcomes  (1)Young Adulthood  (4)Young Black Males  (1)Youth  (3), “My MS degree in Criminology from Florida State University launched my career... a heartfelt thanks to those professors I had along the way!”, Wishing everyone a safe, healthy, and happy holiday season! Every types of sociological theory into different types, ethnicity, and Contexts of ”. On a few individuals, small groups, role, status etc economic or political just that... Confucius ( 551–479 BCE ) envisaged a just society that went beyond his contemporary of! Wagner classification is as under power, social structure behaving in various ways which contains general expectations and knowledge the! Structure and function of a well-known American sociologist P.A into different types the Warring States theory refers to a of! 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